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Which Route to Take Up Mt Kilimanjaro?

by Globetrooper Todd | 8 Responses
Mt Kilimanjaro Routes

Back in 2008, Lauren and I climbed Mt Kilimanjaro up the Machame Route (also affectionately known as the Whiskey Route). At the time, it offered the best compromise between traffic, scenery, weather and availability.

But preferences are personal. Would you prefer to sleep in tents or huts? What about traffic, would you prefer to bump into many other trekkers? And wildlife, how important is it to you? We go into this detail and more for each route.

Mt Kilimanjaro Route Matrix

We’ve combined our own experiences with the opinions of our guides and other professionals to come up with the following appraisals and rating system for Mt Kilimanjaro routes. If you have different experiences, we’d love to hear about them in the comments.

Route Duration Difficulty Scenery/Wildlife Human Traffic
Marangu 5-6 days Low Average High
Machame 6-7 days Medium Excellent High
Lemosho 6-8 days Medium Excellent Medium
Shira 6-7 days Medium Excellent Medium
Rongai 6-7 days Low Good Low
Umbwe 6-7 days High Good Low

There are six approved routes on Mt Kilimanjaro. When choosing one, consider the level of adventure, time for acclimatization, physical difficulty, diversity of scenery and wildlife, and human traffic. The extra day that is recommended for all routes gives you a higher chance of summiting the mountain, as a slower ascent helps your body to acclimatise.

Marangu Route

Also known as the “Coca-Cola” route, the Marangu route is the oldest, most established route, with about 80-90% of the mountain’s traffic. Many favour the Marangu route because it’s considered the easiest path on the mountain, given its gradual slope. It is also the only route which offers sleeping huts (for this reason alone we advise against it – all reports suggest camping is more comfortable and rewarding).

You need a minimum of 5 days for this route. However, spending an extra acclimatisation day on the mountain is highly recommended. The route has the least scenic variety of all the routes because the ascent and descent are done on the same path.

Machame Route

Also known as the “Whiskey” route, the days on Machame are longer and the walks are steeper. The Machame route is considered a relatively difficult route, and is better suited to more adventurous folk and those with some hiking or backpacking experience.

Mt Kilimanjaro Routes Loo

Spot the loo... our tents at an intermediate camp on Mt Kili

You need a minimum of 6 days for this route, although seven days is recommended. The Machame route is scenically beautiful and varied as it passes through a variety of landscapes.

Lemosho Route

The Lemosho route begins in the west and crosses Shira Plateau from Shira Ridge. Climbers encounter less traffic (but it’s increasing) until the route joins the Machame route. Afterwards, Lemosho follows the same route through Lava Tower, Barranco and Barafu, known as the southern circuit.

You need a minimum of 6 days for this route, although 8 days is ideal. Lemosho is considered the most beautiful route on Kilimanjaro and grants panoramic views on various sides of the mountain.

Mt Kilimanjaro Routes

The primary Mt Kilimanjaro Routes, atop a satellite image of the mountain

Shira Route

The Shira route is another path that approaches Kilimanjaro from the west, and nearly identical to the Lemosho route. While Lemosho starts at Londorossi Gate and treks through the rainforest to Shira 1 Camp, the Shira route bypasses this walk by using a vehicle to transport climbers to Shira Gate.

Although Shira is varied and beautiful, Lemosho is recommended over Shira due to the high altitude of Shira’s starting point, which is achieved quickly by car. It is possible that climbers will experience altitude related symptoms on the first day due to failed acclimatisation. Climbers using Shira should be confident of their ability to acclimatise quickly.

Rongai Route

The Rongai route is the only route that approaches Kilimanjaro from the north, close to the Kenyan border. Though gaining popularity amongst climbers, Rongai has low traffic. It is the preferred route for those looking for an alternative to the crowded Marangu route, and for those who are climbing during the rainy season.

Mt Kilimanjaro Routes

Where dirt meets ice: the volcanic rim of Mt Kilimanjaro.

You need at least 6 days for this route, but seven days is recommended. Although the scenery is not as varied as the western routes, Rongai makes up for this by passing through remote wilderness areas for days before joining the Marangu route at Kibo camp. There’s a greater chance of seeing animals on this route, and some tours even require an armed ranger to escort you through the wilderness area for protection. If you’re a wildlife buff, Rongai comes highly recommended.

Umbwe Route

The Umbwe route is a short, steep and direct route. It is considered very difficult and is the most challenging way up Mount Kilimanjaro. Due to the quick ascent, Umbwe does not provide the necessary stages for altitude acclimatisation.

The route is offered at a minimum of six days, though seven days is recommended when attempting this route. The Umbwe route should only be attempted by those who are very strong hikers and are confident in their ability to acclimatise.


Personally, if I were climbing Mt Kilimanjaro for the first time, I would choose the Lemosho Route. If I was climbing for a second time, or it was the rainy season, I’d climb via Rongai for the wildlife.

Also, many of the guides offer to camp overnight in the crater rim. In retrospect, I wish I’d given this a go. But at the time we had no idea how we’d handle the altitude. The combination of the altitude and the stench of the volcanic gases can make sleep quite restless. But I imagine it would be good preparation for higher pursuits in the future.

Posted in Mountaineering, Tanzania | September 7th, 2010

8 Responses to Which Route to Take Up Mt Kilimanjaro?

  1. Mountaineering,climbing,trekking,hiking in Tanzania.

    Mount Kilimanjaro climbing is famous adventure travel in tanzania among all vacation holiday activities.

    When you think of kilimanjaro trekking, there are about 6 route in which you can choose one of them and hike to the Kilimanjaro Summit. In above mountaineering, climbing article about Kilimanjaro, several routes have been briefly described. It is useful article and climbers can read before planning kilimanjaro climbing, trekking,hiking trips.

    Of all Kilimanjaro trekking route, machame route is best among others because of below reason.

    Machame route is considered the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro. With a gradual ascend through the forest you emerge to see wide views of the moorland on Shira plateau, Kibo and Western Breach. The different kinds of vegetation found along the route make it the most scenery route.

  2. Hi Todd,

    Great review of the different routes. We did Kilimanjaro in September this year via the Machame route. It was a great climb and very enjoyable. As you mention, the terrain is varied and the views from the camps were incredible. Aside from the final push to the summit, each day was between 3-6 hours of relatively easy trekking and suitable for most people with an average level of fitness.

    The only downside was the number of other trekkers, which was especially noticeable on days 2 and 3, although leaving early in the mornings to beat the traffic was a good option for us.

    Based on our experience and what our guides and porters told us I would definitely recommend the Machame Route.

    • Thanks for the feedback Luke. We’ve done a few other multi-day climbs since doing Kili in 2008/09 and looking back, it really was very enjoyable compared to other treks. Not sure exactly why, but I think a combination of good food and just the right amount of trekking each day. Sounds like Machame is a little busier now because we went over Christmas and there weren’t many people until summit day.

  3. I did the Machame route in 2008. It was only the first day or two that we ran into other groups on the trail. My guess is that our guides did a good job of getting us out of camp at a good time, and it being less busy than 2011.

  4. Great post! The machame route is definitely alot busier now, although the luxery of sleeping in huts compared to camping still sends most campers to the marangu route!

  5. Hi, i should say fantastic website you have, i stumbled across it in AOL. Does you get much visitors?

  6. I’m busy organizing a climb up Kilimanjaro around January, which route would be best suited for a group wanting to see unparalleled views with more of a steeper climb with snow?

  7. Marangu has been losing its popularity for many years now. Machame has overtaken it as the most popular route on Kilimanjaro.

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