• Baghdad Cafe on the road to Palmyra, Damascus, Syria Baghdad Cafe on the road to Palmyra, Damascus, Syria
  • Ancient cave-town in Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey Ancient cave-town in Goreme, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Men enjoying coffee, Tehran, Iran Men enjoying coffee, Tehran, Iran
  • Camel paparazzi, Wadi Rum, Jordan Camel paparazzi, Wadi Rum, Jordan
  • Al Mukallah Harbor, Yemen Al Mukallah Harbor, Yemen

Travel Guide to Middle East

First-timers venture to the Middle East to explore the claims behind the headlines. They want to understand why the region receives so much attention and why it's sometimes polarised for its religious beliefs.

Map of The Middle East

Experienced travellers return to the Middle East because the region is so different from home. The customs, the cuisine, even the landscapes, are so starkly different from what most of us live with and know. 

A region of religion

Most Middle Eastern nations run on some variation of Sharia Law, which is a system of judiciary derived from the Qur'an. It is important to have a cursory understanding of these laws before travelling to the region to avoid surprises. 

The Middle East

It is also important to note the Arab World doesn't recognise the state of Israel. And rightly or wrongly, you will be denied entry to most Arab nations if there's any evidence of ties or travel to Israel. There are ways around this, such as avoiding the passport stamp, but in general there's no point risking the rest of the Middle East on this one area.

Middle East | Must See

There's always so much to see, but so little time. Here are a few must-see cities to add to your next itinerary.

Baku, Azerbaijan

Baku contains three distinct districts: the ancient city, the Soviet city and the new city. They are equally intriguing and all worth a visit. The must-see fortress in the ancient city draws tourists along its cobbled alleyways to find treasures dating back to the 11th century.

Baku

Parts of the city are currently undergoing a revival. Most notably, the Baku promenade provides a stunning contrast where Islam takes a back-step to love-birds holding hands. It's also surprising to hear that Baku has a number of clubs that regularly open until dawn.

Damascus, Syria

Once you set foot in the old city of Damascus you awake in another time. The labyrinth of narrow alleys and doors leading to lush courtyards gives the city a mood of mystique. 

Damascus

Disoriented travellers can stop at any number of teahouses where they can sit with locals and forget the outside world. And the more adventurous folk can lose themselves in the steam of the traditional Turkish hamams found throughout the city.

Esfahan, Iran

What used to be the capital of ancient Persia, Esfahan is now a city of tree-lined boulevards. It's a great destination for Middle Eastern immersion with its fine rugs and silver filigree. 

Esfahan

Esfahan possesses many cultural jewels that will mystify you for hours. Be sure to see the stunning blue mosaic in Imam Square and the many illuminated bridges that span the Zayandeh River. Also, don't leave without a visit to the Naghsh-e Jahan Square, which is one of the biggest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture.

Middle East | Must Do

The road less travelled is rarely in plain sight. But these must-do activities are sure to get you on the right track.

Ride a Camel

Camels are big, powerful creatures, and that makes for lots of fun and potential injury. From the moment they stand up, till the moment they sit down, you know you're in for a bumpy ride.

Camel Riding

The real fun is in getting them running. Most of the tourist rides aren't geared for this, but make a few enquiries, find the right people, and you'll soon be clutching a camel's neck and praying for your life. Get into the rhythm and you won't want to return your feet to solid ground.

Dune Riding

Much of the Middle East consists of desert plains. What better way to explore them than in a 4x4, dune buggy, or on a quad bike. Let someone else drive and you'll learn a little something about the wonders of gravitational pull.

Dune Riding

Don't let the pictures fool you; riding the dunes is a messy affair. Make sure you have something to cover your eyes and mouth, otherwise you'll be spitting sand for days.

Bargain in a Bazaar

So, you've embarked on a global adventure because you want to develop an edge. You're tired of comfort zones and routines, and so you're now travelling abroad to test your mettle. But despite the grand plan, you're still shying away from the unknown.

Bazaar

Want a quick fix? Head to the nearest bazaar and start bargaining like a madman. There's nothing quite as confronting, but there's nothing quite as rewarding either. Let go of your inhibitions, become one with the culture, and enjoy an otherworldly experience. This is the soul of the Arab World.

Middle East | Must Try

If you want more than sights, sounds and smells, give the place a good taste test. Check out these must-try local favourites.

Turkish Coffee

When you drink Turkish coffee, you're drinking the essence of the Middle East. The thick, dark, potent sludge hits you like the sweltering desert heat. But give it a chance, sip it slowly, and it quickly becomes more pleasure than pain. 

Turkish Coffee

The "Turkish" in Turkish coffee refers to the method of preparation rather than the bean. A fine coffee dust is mixed with water to create a thick consistency. It is then poured into small cups, but rarely masked by milk and sugar.

Caviar

The Caspian Sea is widely considered the best source of caviar because it is home to the prehistoric Sturgeon fish. The most prized variety of caviar is from the Beluga Sturgeon, a fish that grows larger than a car and lives longer than a human. 

Caviar

However, the Beluga is highly endangered, and as a caviar-novice you're hardly going to taste the difference, so stick with the other varieties. Oestra and Sevurga are arguably just as good as Beluga, but these Sturgeons aren't endangered, so you can enjoy their caviar without selling an appendage.

Falafels

Falafels in North Africa are like hamburgers in America; they're everywhere and they're tasty. Even McDonalds sells the cleverly named McFalafel. But you don't go to Maccas for an authentic falafel, you go to the street-side vendors who sell them for a pittance. 

Falafels

There are two words of warning though. Firstly, be careful with the accompanying salad; sensitive stomachs may react violently to the water that is used to wash it. Secondly, falafels are deep fried in oil, so they're about as healthy as hamburgers too.

Vital Stats

Region Info Middle East
Population 283.2 million
Highest Altitude 5,610 m
Mount Damavand, Iran 18,406 ft
Lowest Altitude -418 m
Dead Sea, Israel -1,371 ft
Lowest Temperature -46.4 °C
Van, Turkey (1990) -51.5 °F
Highest Temperature 70.1 °C
Dasht-e Lut, Iran (2007) 158.2 °F

Travel Trivia

Which is greater in distance from sea level?

Trivia: Which is greater in distance from sea level?

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