How To Get Cheap Flights Using Airline Frequent Flyer Programs – Part 2

By Lloyd C | Updated June 25th, 2010

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frequent flyer miles

In Part 1, I talked about how to get cheap flights using airline frequent flyer programs and earning points more quickly.
In Part 2, I’ll discuss how to use points in the most efficient manner. This is important because there are many restrictions and many tricks to get the most value.
Your points can be worth anything from less than 1cent to more 10 cents.
So it really pays to understand how to use your points. In effect, if you get 10 times more value for each point, that’s like multiplying your earning power by 10.

Imagine what you’d do to earn 10 times more points per dollar spent.

Best Use of Points

As I mentioned in Part 1, a frequent flyer point can be worth as little as $0.01 (or even less), all the way up to $0.10 (and beyond). For example, If I can get a Qantas Red eDeal flight between Sydney and Canberra for $90, then I’d be nuts to use 20,000 points for the same privilege (that’s $0.0045 per point – less than 1 cent).

So here are the best uses for points (in approximate order, starting with the highest value):

  • Business- and First-Class Upgrades: It can cost anything up to $30,000 for a return first-class flight to a single destination on the other side of the planet. Yes, $30,000! That’s between 20 and 30 times the equivalent economy-class fair. So how in the heck do people afford that? With points of course. If you have an economy ticket for the same flight, it can cost as little as 100,000 points to upgrade to first class. That gives each point a value of about $0.27! But you must be more flexible than a rubber band to ‘win’ these upgrades.
  • One-Way Flights: Did you know that a one-way flight costs the same (or more) than a return flight? Don’t ask me why; I was just as amazed to find I could buy Sydney to Montreal return for $1900, but one-way was $2200. However, with points, for some reason, rationality prevails. And it actually costs half as many points to travel one-way. For our Montreal flights, the equation looks like this: $1900 – $200 (taxes) = $1700 / 64,000 points, giving a value of about $0.026 per point. Yes, that’s only a tenth of the value of the first-class example above, but still much better than other options.
  • RTW Flights: Partnerships like OneWorld and Star Alliance offer great round-the-world (RTW) itineraries for award flyers. But be warned, it can be a nightmare arranging lots of connecting flights using points. But if you’re persistent, it can really pay off. You need about 140,000 points for the longest standard itinerary available with OneWorld. That flight may cost $4000+ otherwise, so it works out a similar value per point as a one-way flight. But, be careful with taxes and fuel surcharges. RTW flights are notorious for $1000+ taxes; so don’t go too crazy with stopovers.


By far the biggest problem you’ll run into is flexibility. Many people accrue hundreds of thousands of points, but can never use them because they can’t book far enough in advance and don’t have the flexibility to take longer routes.


If you want to book business- or first-class flights, you must book many months in advance. In most cases, you need to book as soon as the award seats become available, which is between 11 and 12 months prior to departure (depending on the airline). That’s a long time for most. Booking 11 months in advance doesn’t mean you can pick and choose dates either; it just means you MAY get an award flight.

Economy class is much easier. You can get flights right up until a few weeks prior to departure, but you must be flexible. The further out you book, the less flexible you have to be.

Lauren and I booked one-way award tickets to Montreal about 3-4 months out from departure. But we only had two flights to choose from in the entire month. They were weeks apart, they both took twice as long to reach Montreal than a paid flight, they both took two stopovers, but we got here in the end for $200 each in taxes.

Other Travel Hacking Tips

As I mentioned in Part 1, some airlines include fuel surcharges and some don’t. For example, you can book the same OneWorld RTW trip with American Airlines and Qantas (the same flights, just booked under different codeshares), but the Qantas taxes maybe 4 to 5 times more because they hit you with fuel surcharges. The trick here is to call the AA RTW desk and book through them, even if you’re in Australia.

There are many more tips like this that you’ll find on the popular frequent flyer forums (Flyer Talk and Frequent Flyer). It really takes a lot of time and research just to build a cursory appreciation for airline programs. But it can certainly pay off if you’re a frequent flyer.

Happy Travel Hacking!