Exploring The Chilean Coast of South America
Chile narrowly stretches along the southern half of the west coast of South America. The bordering countries are Bolivia, and Peru to the north and over the Andes, to the east, lies Argentina. Chile has over 5,000 km (3,100 miles) of coast on the South Pacific Ocean.
Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape — 4,300 kilometers long and on average 175 kilometers wide — has given it a varied climate, ranging from the world's driest desert—the Atacama—in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the center, to a rainy temperate climate in the south. The northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper.